National Employment Policy– The government is trying to formulate a special plan to improve employment opportunities in the country in line with the changing times. As part of that, it plans to set up a special committee for national employment policy.
What is National Employment Policy?
The government is trying to come up with a special plan to improve job opportunities in the country in line with the changing times. As part of this, it is planning to set up a special committee for the National Employment Policy. The committee will include representatives from various industries, labor and other ministries, officials said.
Officials say the government could set up a high-level power committee to increase employment opportunities in the country, which would include the committee’s views and recommendations. The committee will look into investment in policy-generating sectors, policy issues and attracting new industries by creating a conducive environment domestically.
Based on these recommendations the government can be used to increase job creation. The National Employment Policy prepares a strategy on sector-wise employment opportunities.
- Collects data from five All India Labor Survey and E-Shram portal (E-Shram) to explore employment opportunities.
- AQEES is one of five nationwide annual surveys conducted by the Labor Bureau, a subsidiary of the Ministry of Labor and Employment.
- All-India Survey of Migrant Workers, All-India Survey of Domestic Workers, All-India Survey of Professionals, All-India Survey of Transport. Data are collected based on these five surveys.
- This database is used to gather information related to the unorganized sector. The government says those who have small employment opportunities based on this data (DATA) will benefit greatly.
On August 26, 2021, the Ministry of Labor launched the National Database or e-Labor Portal for Unorganized Workers. The platform will be used to register the details of 380 million informal and unorganized workers, including construction workers, gig and platform workers, street vendors, domestic, agricultural and migrant workers, and other subgroups of unorganized workers.
Rising unemployment ..
The government is launching the NEP in the wake of rising unemployment in the country. According to the Private Think Tank Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), in April 2020, when the country was locked down across the country, the unemployment rate reached a record 23.52 percent.
According to CMIE, in the April-June 2020-21 quarter, nearly 121 million jobs were lost. This is the highest number of job losses per month on record since employment data began to be compiled.